What Is The Opposite Of Artificial Intelligence?
One might say that the opposite would be ‘not artificial intelligence’ but what is that?
MW says: the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior
On a lighter note, we already have non-artificial-intelligence in computers now. Computers today are not able to imitate intelligent human behavior. Of course, neither are a substantial number of humans.
I’d think that a definition, like blue or not blue, has an opposite but there are a few things that seem to defy that model. Artificial intelligence as a defining point is a very low bar as defined by Merriam-Webster’s. That’s like aiming for an awesome car and stopping with one that can imitate the functions of a Ford Model T. Sadly I don’t have a wonderfully tested definition of it and the thought of that is what prompts this post.
What specific human behavior must AI imitate to be, well, to be AI? Walk the dog? File tax forms? What about the simple task of a trip to the grocery store?
It turns out that many common tasks and behaviors of humans are incredibly complex, involving many calculations of trivially interdependent variables. What I mean is that to do the shopping your average person might think “oh, this weekend is the big game so I’ll want some beer and pretzels, but wait, I’ll probably have J over to watch and his girlfriend is picky, so better get the lime flavor stuff.
Now, for a computer to do this takes a huge pool of information and related data objects, but related only in the mind of the person doing that shopping trip, on that day, at that time of the year. It might be that any other game would not interest the shopper and your standard beer would be fine or no beer at all. The trick is not to be able to compare lists because comparing lists does not include the probability of a picky guest or many other incidental facts. From a pure list standpoint, who cares of she is picky? It is only when the computer models the real world from known facts and historical precedent that the shopper can conclude that the lime beer stuff is the best choice today.
I conclude that imitation is not enough. AI must replicate or better the process of modelling the world around us in order to imitate human behaviors in order to be intelligent.
I might, of course, be wrong… but I think that is a better definition. At least it has a measurably good goal. There are a lot of human behaviors I would not want to imitate. We can look at the http://www.darwinawards.com/darwin/ to see why.